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This Week in Aboriginal History: Crazy Horse surrenders, is killed in jail disturbance

Friday, September 7, 2018

Aug. 31, 2009: Florida Gov. Charlie Crist signs a 20-year gambling pact with the Seminole Tribe, which agrees to pay the state $12.5 million a month for 30 months in exchange for running slot machines and blackjack games.

Sept. 1, 1875: The U.S. government attempts to purchase the Black Hills from the Sioux Indians and fails.

Sept. 2, 1779: On the orders of George Washington, Gen. John Sullivan and his force of 4,500 men continue attacks on New York Indians suspected of being British Allies.

Sept. 3, 1783: The Treaty of Paris is signed by the United States and Great Britain, ending the American Revolutionary War. Congress ratifies the treaty on Jan. 14, 1784.

Sept. 4, 1863: The Concow-Maidu tribes, which have ancestral homes in Northern California’s Butte County, are forced to move. Many die or are killed along the way. One group includes 461 Concows, of which 277 survive the two-week trip from Chico to Round Valley, near modern-day Brentwood, Calif.

Sept. 5, 1877: Crazy Horse is killed. The Oglala Sioux battle hero was bayoneted in a scuffle with soldiers who were trying to put him in a cell at Fort Robinson, Neb.

A year earlier, Crazy Horse was among the Sioux leaders who defeated George Custer’s 7th Cavalry at the Battle of Little Bighorn. The battle, in which Custer and 265 soldiers were killed, was the Army’s worst defeat in its history of warfare against American Indians.

After the victory, Army forces pursued Crazy Horse and his followers. The tribe suffered cold and starvation and, on May 6, 1877, Crazy Horse surrendered.

Sept. 6, 1812: Indians attack Fort Wayne and Fort Harrison (near Terre Haute, Ind.). In response, Americans raid and destroy Indian villages north of the Wabash River.

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